Kremlacek, Jan
Poslední změna: 18.04. 2016

Questions

Study material

Pathophysiology - 1st revised (only electronic) version
Miroslav Kuba, Zuzana Kubová, 2005

General Medicine

1. Organism and Environment, Adaptation
2. Health Versus Disease, Clinical and Biological (Somatic) Death
3. Etiology and Pathogenesis
4a. Pathologic Changes in Immunoreactions - Immunodefficiences
4b. Pathologic Changes in Immunoreactions - Allergies
4c. Pathologic Changes in Immunoreactions - Autoimmune disorders, Post-transplantation reaction
5. Neoplasia, Neoplasm-Host Interaction (Effects)
6. Alterations in Fluid Volume
7. Disorders of Osmolarity, Etiology and Pathogenesis of Edema
8. Hyponatremia, Hypernatremia
9. Hypokalemia, Hyperkalemia
10. Other minerals (trace elements) effects – body dysfunctions
11. Disorders of Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism, Magnesium Imbalances
12. Osteoporosis, Osteomalacia, Renal Osteodystrophy
13. Tetany, Pathophysiology of Cramps (spasms, convulsions)
14. Acidosis
15. Alkalosis
16. Disorders of Peripheral Circulation
17. Circullatory Collapse, Syncope
18. Circulatory Shock (Definition, Etiology, Pathogenesis)
19a. Inflammation
19b. Sepsis, Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS)
20. Pathophysiology of Pain
21. Pathophysiology of Thermoregulation, Fever, Hypothermic Status
22a. Stress General Adaptation Syndrome
22b. Psychosomatic Diseases
23. Etiology and Pathogenesis of Anemias
24. Blood Transfusion, Complications, Fetal Erythroblastosis
25a. Leukemias - Etiology and Pathogenesis
22b. Lymphoma, Myeloma – Etiology, pathogenesis
26. Polycythemia
27. Bone Marrow Depression
28. Abnormalities of Hemostasis and Coagulation
29. Thrombogenesis, thrombofilia
30a. Hyperlipoproteinemia
30b. Arteriosclerosis
31. Endotelial Dysfunction, Effects of Nitric oxid
32. Arterial Hypertension - Etiology and Pathogenesis
33. Arterial Hypotension
34. Control of Cardiac Function, Disorders of rhythm and conduction
35. Ischemic Heart Disease
36. Myocardial Infarction and its Complications
37. Valvular Heart Disease
38. Congenital Heart Defects
39. Heart Failure - Etiology and Pathogenesis
40. Cardiac Compensatory Mechanisms - Myocardial Hypertrophy, Dilated Heart
41. Peripheral Compensatory Mechanisms in Hear Failure
42. Pulmonary Circulation, Ventilation/Perfusion Ratio, Effect of Hypoxia
43. Ventilatory and Diffusion Lung Dysfunction
44. Obstructive Respiratory Diseases
45. Restrictive Pulmonary Diseases
46. Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Pulmonary Edema
47. ARDS
48. Respiratory Failure
49. Hypoxia
50. Hyperoxia, Hyperbaria, Decompression
51. Glomerulonephritis
52. Pyelonephritis
53. Nephrotic Syndrome
54. Hydronephrosis
55. Acute and Chronic Renal Failure
56. Pathophysiology of Hypothalamo-Pituitary System
57. Decrease of Anterior Pituitary Hormones
58. Hyperfunction of Anterior Pituitary Gland
59. Alterations of the Posterior Pituitary Gland Hormones
60. Hyperthyreoidism, Hypothyreoidism
61. Adrenal Cortex Hormones – Hypersecretion
62. Adrenal Cortex Hormones - Acute and Chronic Deficiency
63. Adrenal Medulla dysfunction
64. Diabetes Mellitus, Etiology and Pathogenesis
65a. Diabetic Coma (Ketoacidotic, Hyperosmolar, Lactoacidotic)
65b. Hypoglycemic states
66. Diabetes Mellitus – Complications
67. Pathophysiology of Water-Soluble Vitamins
68. Pathophysiology of Lipid-Soluble Vitamins
69. Nausea, Vomiting
70. Gastric ulcer, Duodenal Ulcer – Pathophysiology
71. Gastritis, Postgastrectomy Status – Pathophysiology
72. Gastro-intestinal Bleeding
73. Intestine Malabsorption
74. Intestinal obstruction (Ileus), Irritable Colon, Meteorism
75. Dysfunctions of Colon, Diarrhoea, Constipation
76. Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis
77. Cholelithiasis and Cholecystitis
78. Classification of Jaundices - Etiology and Pathogenesis
79. Cirrhosis of the Liver, Portal Hypertension
80. Hepatic Failure, Hepatic Coma
81. Starvation, Malnutrition
82. Obesity
83. Alterations in peripheral nervous system and motor function
84. Pathophysiology of the Spinal Cord
85. Autonomic Nervous System Dysfunctions
86. Brain Blood Circulation Disorders, Brain-Blood Barrier
87. Brain Edema, Intracranial Hypertension
88a. CNS Neurotransmitters changes - Glutamate, GABA
88b. CNS Neurotransmitters changes - Dopamine, Acetylcholine, Serotonine
89. Epilepsy - Etiology and Pathogenesis
90. Pathophysiology of Demyelination (Multiple Sclerosis)
91. Pathophysiology of immature infants
92. Aging
93. Pathophysiological view on alternative (complementary) medicine methods
94. Pathophysiology of infertility and sexual disorders
95. Electric bio-potentials (ECG, EMG, EEG, ERG) and Auto-biofeedback

 

Dentistry

1. Organism and Environment
2. Health Versus Disease, Aetiology and Pathogenesis
3. Stress, General Adaptation Syndrome
4. Psychosomatic Diseases
5. Pathophysiology of Thermoregulation, Fever
6. Inflammation
7. Hyponatremia, Hypernatremia
8. Hypokalemia, Hyperkalemia 
9. Disorders of Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism, Tetany
10. Osteoporosis, Osteomalacia, Renal Osteodystrophy and related changes in teeth quality
11. Alterations in fluid volume
12. Aetiology and Pathogenesis of Oedemas
13. Acidosis
14. Alkalosis
15. Malnutrition
16. Obesity
17. Hypoxia
18. Arteriosclerosis
19. Arterial Hypertension 
20. Arterial Hypotension 
21. Ischemic Heart Disease 
22. Aetiology and Pathogenesis of Myocardial Infarction and its Complications
23. Heart Failure - Aetiology and Pathogenesis
24. Cardiac and Peripheral Compensatory Mechanisms in Heart Failure
25. Circulatory shock
26. Syncope, collaps
27. Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases
28. Restrictive Pulmonary Diseases
29. Pulmonary Hypertension, Pulmonary Edema
30. Difusion disorders, ARDS
31. Respiratory failure
32. Nephritic Syndrome, Nephrotic Syndrome
33. Pyelonephritis, Hydronephrosis
34. Acute and Chronic Renal Failure
35. Pathophysiology of Hypothalamo-Pituitary System, Disorders of Posterior Pituitary
36. Anterior Pituitary Disorders
37. Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism 
38. Adrenal Gland Disorders 
39. Diabetes Mellitus - Aetiology and Pathogenesis
40. Diabetes Mellitus – Complications
41. Abnormalities of Hemostasis and Coagulation
42. Thrombosis
43. Bone Marrow Depression
44. Anemias
45. Leukemias 
46. Nausea, Vomiting
47. Gastric ulcer, Duodenal Ulcer 
48. Gastritis, Postgastrectomy Status - Pathophysiology 
49. Diarrhoea, Constipation
50. GIT Bleeding
51. Intestine Malabsorption
52. Intestinal obstruction (Ileus)
53. Cirrhosis of the Liver, Portal Hypertension
54. Hepatic Failure, Hepatic Coma
55. Cholelithiasis and Cholecystitis 
56. Classification of Jaundices - Aetiology and Pathogenesis
57. Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis
58. Brain Ischemia, Stroke
59. Intracranial Hypertension, Brain Oedema 
60. CNS Neurotransmitters – Disorders
61. Vegetative and Peripheral Nerves Disorders
62. Epilepsy, Multiple Sclerosis,