The Department of Infectious Diseases represents an integral part of the education provided by the Faculty of Medicine. The education of medical students at the department is carried out in the form of lectures, seminars and clinical exercises in both the Czech and English language programs. Emphasis is put on travel medicine, tropical diseases, and highly contagious diseases. The members of the department also serve as consultants for antibiotic policies and prevention of nosocomial infections. The department is accredited as a teaching facility for postgraduate medical training, i.e. residency training in infectious diseases, which is available for physicians from the surrounding regions.
The department provides comprehensive medical care on both an inpatient and outpatient basis (including intensive care) for patients with infectious diseases. The department currently has 47 beds, 5 of which are designated for those patients who require intensive care. Patients with highly communicable diseases that require special isolation measures (tuberculosis, influenza etc.) can be placed in two rooms equipped with air filtration systems. Care is provided to patients of all age groups, from newborns to geriatric patients. The most frequently treated diseases include diarrheal diseases, CNS infections, viral forms of hepatitis, respiratory infections, infections caused by streptococci, Lyme disease and HIV, and occasionally imported tropical diseases such as malaria. Diagnostics and medical care for patients with tuberculosis is provided in collaboration with the Department of Pulmonology, especially in cases requiring intensive care or when circumstances do not permit the patient to be transported. Members of the department are also responsible for providing demonstrations of special procedures for handling patients suspected of highly communicable diseases.
The department has been involved in international multicenter studies focused on antiviral treatments of chronic hepatitis B and C, influenza therapy, and studies evaluating the efficacy and safety of new vaccines. The department members actively participate in research projects funded by various grant agencies. For example, an ongoing project funded by the Agency for Medical Research of the Ministry of Health focuses on predictive immunological markers in C hepatitis patients. A developmental project at the University Hospital (in collaboration with the Institute of Clinical Microbiology) has been very beneficial in addressing Clostridial colitis, a growing problem in today´s hospitals. The outcome of this study has led to faster and more specific diagnosing, including the ribotyping of Clostridium difficile.