The Academic Department of Surgery provides training for the Charles University Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové. It consists of 5 departments and one ward. We teach surgery of the abdominal organs, especially malignancies and benign diseases of the colon and its anorectal region. We deal with peripheral arterial and venous diseases, surgery of neck, heart, spine and chest injuries, and bone fractures and other injuries of the limbs. We are interested in new trends in surgery of the skeleton, breast surgery and surgical intensive care. In addition, we teach general methodology of surgery and physical examinations of the entire body. The instruction also focuses on diseases of the central nervous system, its vascular diseases and infection. The students are introduced to the basic issues of plastic surgery and burn treatment, orthopedics, and urology.
Nursing practice in surgical fields
The subject is approached as a theoretical and practical whole. It is part of a complex of subjects on clinical nursing. It introduces the students with basic clinical conditions and diseases in the surgical fields.
Summer program at the University Hospital – Surgery
Students in their 4th study year attend a 10-day (2-week) program at the clinical workplaces of the Academic Department of Surgery or, by agreement, at other surgical wards in the Czech Republic and abroad. Students get to know standard wards, outpatient departments, operating rooms, and intensive care units.
Pre-state examination program in surgery
In the 6th study year, students prepare for the state exam in the individual departments of the Academic Department of Surgery and in some regional clinics and departments led by senior consultants. The pre-state examination program is in the form of a 2-week stay in which students actively attend the wards of general surgery, traumatology, and vascular and plastic surgery. One week is spent at the Departments of Urology, Cardiac, and Thoracic Surgery, Neurosurgery and Orthopedics. The other week is devoted to seminars led by tutor specialists of the abovementioned fields and pediatric surgery and intensive care. Students are actively involved in the work at the bed side, in the outpatient ward, and they assist at operations. They obtain professional experience in the running of the surgical department and discuss their diagnostic and therapeutic knowledge with the teachers. They also gain knowledge concerning the organization of surgical practice, managing patient care, and have the opportunity to look into some economic concerns associated with daily surgical practice. Their placement at the surgical workplaces allows better preparation for the state exam and helps smooth the transition from their studies into their eventual careers as physicians.
Surgery under extreme conditions
In this elective subject, physicians of the Academic Department of Military Surgery inform the interested students about possible emergency situations that may occur in our country or any other location in which our medical experts are often placed in the context of internationally provided aid and assistance. The subject does not repeat topics presented in the lectures on surgery, but rather complements information about skills necessary for medical procedures provided in exceptional circumstances or under extreme conditions, e.g. war or natural disasters.